Ghasemi, S., Farsangi, Z.J., Beitollahi, A., Mirkazemi,M., Rezayat, S.M., Sarkar, S.
Hollow mesoporous silica nanoparticles have emerged as attractive drug delivery carriers. In this work, we report successful synthesis of hollow mesoporous silica nanoparticles (HMSNs) using poly tert-butyl acrylate (PtBA) nanospheres as hard templates and CTAB as structure directing agent for loading sulfasalazine into its porous structure. The samples were synthesized using PtBA; sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) - in an aqueous solution of CTAB and tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) as the inorganic precursor. Two different methods were utilized to remove organic phases including calcination, and acidic/basic ethanolic solvent extraction approach. For the latter, microstructural studies using SEM and N2 porosimetery revealed the formation of highly uniform mono-dispersed particles of sphere morphology (~ 130 nm) with the high specific surface area (1501 m2/g) and mean pore size of ~ 2.6 nm. However, rather deformed and aggregated sphere-like particles were obtained for the calcined samples. TEM examinations also confirmed the formation of 20–30 nm thick walls for the prepared HMSNs particles. Further, HMSN samples treated by solvent extraction method were functionalized by 3-aminopropyl triethoxysilane (APTS) compound for drug delivery. DTA/TG analysis showed that the total amount of loaded sulfasalazine drug was 5.1 wt%.