Shirshahi, V., Tabatabaei, S.N., Hatamie, S., Saber, R
In this study, graphene oxide (GO) and reduced graphene oxide (rGO) were used as visual labels in a lateral flow assay for detection of E. coli O157:H7. The color intensity was employed for the quantitative measurements of the target bacteria. Quantitative results showed that in comparison to GO, rGO can provide higher color intensity owing to enhanced light absorption following chemical reduction. Our results confirm that the visual limit of detection of the target bacteria by rGO is ∼105 colony forming unit per milliliter (CFU/ml), which closely compares with current alternative techniques using gold nanoparticles. The performance and practicability of the rGO-based test strips for detection of the target bacteria in milk and drinking water were validated with conventional plating and colony counting techniques. Results suggest that the proposed lateral flow assay is sensitive, specific, and affordable. It has also the potential to become a widely used detection technique for E. coli O157:H7 and a wide variety of other analytes.