Besharati, M., Hamedi, J., Hosseinkhani, S., Saber, R
Different carbon-based nanostructures were used to investigate direct electron transfer (DET) of TetX2 monooxygenase (TetX2), and an enzyme-based biosensor for sensitive determination of tetracycline (TC) also fabricated. A polyethyleneimine (PEI) with positive charge groups was used for immobilization of TetX2 on modified glassy carbon electrodes. Cyclic voltammetry (CV) was employed to study the electrochemical characteristics of the immobilized enzyme and the performance of the proposed biosensor. Amongst multiple carbon-modified electrodes, nano-porous glassy carbon electrode (NPGCE) was selected because of its amplified signal response for flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) and superior electrocatalytic behavior toward oxygen reduction. The cyclic voltammogram of PEI/TetX2/NPGCE showed two couple of well-defined and quasi-reversible redox peaks of FAD, consistent with the realization of DET. The prepared electrode was then successfully introduced as a biosensing interface based on the oxygen reduction peak current, resulting in a linear range response from 0.5 to 5 μM with a good detection limit of 18 nM. The as-fabricated electrode demonstrates a fast response and excellent stability for the detection of TC. The results indicate that this simple, rapid, eco-friendly and economic strategy of PEI/TetX2/NPGCE preparation has potential for the fabrication of an enzyme-based biosensor for the practical detection of TC in food products.